The Academy Awards:  My Version

by Paul Notley



The Passion of Joan of Ar c1

James Murray, The Crowd 2

Maria Falconetti, The Passion of Joan of Arc(!!) 3

Director:  Sergei Eisenstein, October 4



The Man with a Movie Camera

Buster Keaton, The Cameraman

Louise Brooks, Pandora’s Box



All Quiet on the Western Front5

Emil Jannings, The Blue Angel

Louise Brooks, The Diary of a Lost Girl6




Peter Lorre, M (!!)

Marlene Dietrich, Morocco




Maurice Chevalier, One Hour with You

Jeannette MacDonald, One Hour with You



Duck Soup

Groucho Marx, Duck Soup (!!)

Miriam Hopkins, Trouble in Paradise

Director: Ernst Lubitsch, Trouble in Paradise

Supporting Actor:  Chico Marx, Duck Soup7

Supporting Actress:  Margaret Dumont, Duck Soup



The Thin Man

             William Powell, The Thin Man (!!)

             Myrna Loy, The Thin Man (!!)

             Director:  Josef von Sternberg, The Scarlet Empress

1935 A Night at the Opera

            Fred Astaire, Top Hat (!!)

            Ginger Rogers, Top Hat

            Director:  Mark Sanderich, Top Hat

1936 After the Thin Man

            Charles Chaplin, Modern Times (!!)

            Carole Lombard, My Man Godfrey

            Victor Moore, Swing Time

            Paulette Goddard, Modern Times

            Director:  Charles Chaplin, Modern Times

1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

            Jean Gabin, Pepe le Moko

            Zhou Xuan, Street Angel

            Edward Everett Horton, Angel, Shall we Dance

            Gracie Allen, A Damsel in Distress

1938 Grand Illusion8

            Jean Gabin, Grand Illusion9

            Katharine Hepburn, Bringing up Baby

            Marcel Dalio, Grand Illusion

            Olivia De Havilland, The Adventures of Robin Hood

1939    The Wizard of Oz

            Marcel Diallo, The Rules of the Game

            Judy Garland, The Wizard of Oz (!!)

            Jean Renoir, The Rules of the Game

            Arletty, Daybreak

            Director:  Jean Renoir, The Rules of the Game

1940    His Girl Friday

            Cary Grant, His Girl Friday

            Katharine Hepburn, The Philadelphia Story (!!)

            Frank Morgan, The Shop Around the Corner

            Paulette Goddard, The Great Dictator

            Director:  John Ford, The Grapes of Wrath10

1941    Citizen Kane

            Humphrey Bogart, The Maltese Falcon

            Barbara Stanwyck, Ball of Fire

            Joseph Cotton, Citizen Kane

            Martha Raye, Helzapoppin

1942    The Magnificent Ambersons

            James Cagney, Yankee Doodle Dandy11

            Claudette Colbert, The Palm Beach Story

            Walter Huston, Yankee Doodle Dandy

            Agnes Moorhead, The Magnificent Ambersons

1943    Casablanca

            Humphrey Bogart, Casablanca (!!)

            Lisbeth Movin, Day of Wrath

            Claude Rains, Casablanca12

            Lena Horne, Cabin in the Sky

            Director:  Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp13

1944    Ivan the Terrible, Part One

            Nikolai Cherkasov, Ivan the Terrible, Part One

            Lauren Bacall, To Have and to Have Not

            Clifton Webb, Laura

            Margaret O’Brien, Meet me in Saint Louis

1945    Children of Paradise

            Jean-Louis Barrault, Children of Paradise

            Arletty, Children of Paradise (!!)14

            Pierre Brasseur, Children of Paradise

            Anna Magnani, Rome:  Open City

1946    A Day in the Country15

            James Stewart, It’s a Wonderful Life

            Ingrid Bergman, Notorious

            Claude Rains, Notorious

            Myrna Loy, The Best Years of Our Lives

1947    Black Narcissus

            Charles Chaplin, Monsieur Verdoux

            Deborah Kerr, Black Narcissus

            Edmund Gwenn, Miracle on 34th Street16

            Martha Raye, Monsieur Verdoux

1948    Rope

            Anton Walbrook, The Red Shoes

            Anna Magnani, L’Amore

            James Stewart, Rope

            Jean Simmons, Hamlet

            Director:  Howard Hawks, Red River17

1949    Late Spring

            Ralph Richardson, The Fallen Idol

            Setsuko Hara, Late Spring (!!)

            Ralph Richardson, The Heiress

            Virginia Mayo, Colorado Territory

1950    Sunset Blvd.

            George Sanders, All About Eve

            Gloria Swanson, Sunset Blvd. (!!)

            Anton Walbrook, La Ronde

            Danielle Darrieux, La Ronde

1951    Alice in Wonderland

            Robert Walker, Strangers on a Train

            Vivien Leigh, A Streetcar Named Desire18

            Ichiro Sagai, Early Summer

            Setsuko Hara, The Idiot

            Director:  Jean Renoir, The River19

1952    Singin’ in the Rain

            Gene Kelly, Singin’ in the Rain (!!)

            Simone Signoret, Casque D’Or

            Donald O’Connor, Singin’ in the Rain

            Maria Pia Casillo, Umberto D

1953    The Band Wagon

            Jacques Tati, Mr. Hulot’s Holiday

            Danielle Darrieux, The Earrings of Madame De

            Charles Vanel, The Wages of Fear

            Nanette Fabray, The Band Wagon

            Director:  Max Ophuls, The Earrings of Madame de

1954    The Seven Samurai

            Takashi Shimura, The Seven Samurai

            Ingrid Berman, Voyage in Italy (!!)

            Toshiro Mifune, The Seven Samurai

            Kinuyo Tanaka, Sansho the Bailiff

1955    Ordet

            James Dean, East of Eden (!!)20

            Uma Das Gupta, Pather Panchali

            Robert Mitchum, The Night of the Hunter

            Birgitte Felderspiel, Ordet

1956    A Man Escaped

            David Niven, Around the World in 80 Days

            Karuna Bannerjee, Aparajito

            Robert Stack, Written on the Wind

            Dorothy Malone, Written on the Wind

1957    Twelve Angry Men

            Henry Fonda, Twelve Angry Men

            Giulietta Masina, Nights of Cabiria

            Gunnar Bjornstrand, The Seventh Seal

            Isuzu Yamada, Throne of Blood

            Director:  Federico Fellini, Nights of Cabiria21

1958    Vertigo

            James Stewart, Vertigo (!!)

            Kim Novak, Vertigo

            Orson Welles, Touch of Evil

            Barbara Bel Geddes, Vertigo

1959    North by Northwest

            Cary Grant, North by Northwest (!!)

            Marilyn Monroe, Some Like it Hot (!!)

            James Mason, North by Northwest

            Sharmila Tagore, The World of Apu

1960    Breathless

            Laurence Olivier, The Entertainer22

            Supriya Choudhury, Cloud Capped Star

            Roger Livesey, The Entertainer

            Janet Leigh, Psycho

            Director:  Michaelangelo Antonioni, L’Avventura

1961    Last Year in Marienbad

            Paul Newman, The Hustler

            Anouk Aimee, Lola

            Sacha Pitoeff, Last Year in Marienbad

            Rita Moreno, West Side Story23

1962    Lawrence of Arabia

            Peter O’Toole, Lawrence of Arabia (!!)

            Jeanne Moreau, Jules et Jim

            Alec Guinness, Lawrence of Arabia

            Shelly Winters, Lolita

1963    The Leopard

            Burt Lancaster, The Leopard (!!)

            Delphine Seyrig, Muriel

            Alain Delon, The Leopard

            Claudia Cardinale, The Leopard

1964    A Hard Day’s Night

            Peter Sellers, Dr. Strangelove or How I stopped Worrying and Learned to Love the Bomb

            Nina Pens Rode, Gertrud (!!)  AND Madhabi Mukherjee, Charulata(!!)24

            George C. Scott, Dr. Strangelove or How I stopped Worrying and Learned to Love the Bomb

            Gitali Roy, Charulata

            Director:  Satyajit Ray, Charulata

1965    Help!

            Jean-Pierre Belmondo, Pierrot le Fou

            Catherine Deneuve, Repulsion

            Leo McKern, Help!

            Taji Ahmadi, The Brick and the Mirror

            Director:  Jean-Luc Godard, Pierrot le Fou

1966    A Man for all Seasons

            Paul Scofield, A Man for all Seasons (!!)

            Liv Ullmann, Persona (!!)

            Leo McKern, A Man for all Seasons

            Anne Wiazemsky, Au Hasard Balthazar

            Director:  Ingmar Bergman, Persona

1967    Two for the Road

            Albert Finney, Two for the Road

            Audrey Hepburn, Two for the Road25

            Peter Cook, Bedazzled

            Francoise Dorleac, The Young Girls of Rochefort

            Director:  Jean-Luc Godard, Weekend

1968    Yellow Submarine

            Douglas Rain, 2001:  A Space Odyssey

            Liv Ullmann, Shame

            Boris Karloff, Targets

            Ruth Gordon, Rosemary’s Baby

            Director:  Stanley Kubrick, 2001:  A Space Odyssey

1969    Andrei Rublev26

            Dustin Hoffman, Midnight Cowboy

            Maggie Smith, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

            Jean-Louis Trintignat, Z

            Simone Signoret, Army of Shadows

1970    The Confession

            Yves Montand, The Confession

            Catherine Deneuve, Tristana

            Mick Jagger, Performance

            Karen Black, Five Easy Pieces

1971    The Sorrow and the Pity

            Malcolm McDowell, A Clockwork Orange

            Juliet Berto, Out 1

            Michael Lonsdale, Out 1

            Lea Massari, Murmur of the Heart

1972    The Godfather

            Al Pacino, The Godfather (!!)

            Liza Minnelli, Cabaret

            Robert Duvall, The Godfather

            Natalya Bondarchuk, Solaris

            Director:  Luis Bunuel, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie

1973    Cries and Whispers

            Jean-Pierre Leaud, The Mother and the Whore (!!)

            Ana Torrent, The Spirit of the Beehive (!!)

            Robert Shaw, The Sting

            Ingrid Thulin, Cries and Whispers

1974    Murder on the Orient Express

            Albert Finney, Murder on the Orient Express (!!)27

            Dominique Labourier, Celine and Julie Go Boating (!!)

            John Cazale, The Conversation, The Godfather Part II

            Lauren Bacall, Murder on the Orient Express

1975    Barry Lyndon

            Michael Caine, The Man who Would Be King

            Delphine Seyrig, Jeanne Dielman, 2300 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles (!!)

            Michael Palin, Monty Python and the Holy Grail

            Lily Tomlin, Nashville

            Cinematography:  John Alcott, Barry Lyndon

1976    All the President’s Men

            Robert De Niro, Taxi Driver

            Ana Torrent, Cria Cuervos

            Jason Robards, All the President’s Men

            Geraldine Chaplin, Cria Cuervos

1977    Annie Hall

            Woody Allen, Annie Hall

            Diane Keaton, Annie Hall (!!)

            Dirk Bogarde, Providence

            Vanessa Redgrave, Julia

1978    Days of Heaven

            Peter Ustinov, Death on the Nile28

            Liv Ullmann, Autumn Sonata

            John Cazale, The Deer Hunter

            Maggie Smith, Death on the Nile, California Split

1979    Apocalypse Now

            Peter Sellers, Being There

            Sally Field, Norma Rae

            Marlon Brando, Apocalypse Now

            Shirley MacLaine, Being There

1980    Tess

            Robert De Niro, Raging Bull

            Natassja Kinski, Tess (!!)

            Philip Stone, The Shining

            Barbara Sukowa, Berlin Alexanderplatz

1981    The Raiders of the Lost Ark

            Warren Beatty, Reds

            Isabelle Adjani, Possession

            David Rappaport, Time Bandits

            Maureen Stapleton, Reds

1982    Pink Floyd:  the Wall

            Ben Kingsley, Gandhi (!!)

            Julie Andrews, Victor/Victoria

            James Mason, The Verdict

            Jessica Lange, Tootsie

            Director:  Richard Attenborough, Gandhi

            Art Direction:  Blade Runner

1983    Fanny and Alexander

            Bertil Guive, Fanny and Alexander

            Jane Alexander, Testament

            Erland Josephson, Fanny and Alexander

            Grun Wallgreen, Fanny and Alexander

1984    Splash

            Tom Hanks, Splash

            Daryl Hannah, Splash (!!)

            James Woods, Once Upon a Time in America

            Peggy Ashcroft, A Passage to India

            Director:  Wim Wenders, Paris, Texas

1985    Shoah

            Jonathan Pryce, Brazil

            Norma Aleandro, The Official Story

            Michael Palin, Brazil

            Mieko Harada, Ran

1986    Aliens

            Erland Josephson, The Sacrifice

            Sigourney Weaver, Aliens

            Dennis Hopper, Blue Velvet

            Laura Dern, Blue Velvet

1987    Angel Heart

            Babek Ahmed Poor, Where is the Friend’s Home?

            Holly Hunter, Raising Arizona

            R. Lee Emery, Full Metal Jacket

            Meg Ryan, Inner Space

1988    A Fish Called Wanda

            John Cleese, A Fish Called Wanda (!!)

            Isabelle Huppert, The Story of Women

            Kevin Kline, A Fish Called Wanda

            Lena Olin, The Unbearable lightness of Being

1989    Henry V

            Tom Cruise, Born on the Fourth of July

            Dorota Segda, My Twentieth Century

            Sean Connery, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade

            Lena Olin, Enemies, A Love Story

            Director:  Hou Hsiao-Hsien, A City of Sadness

1990    C’est la vie

            Jeremy Irons, Reversal of Fortune

            Julie Bataille, C’est la Vie (!!)

            Danny Glover, To Sleep with Anger

            Lorraine Bracco, Goodfellas

            Director:  Martin Scorsese, Goodfellas

1991    JFK

            Michel Piccoli, La Belle Noiseuse

            Jodie Foster, The Silence of the Lambs

            Gary Oldman, JFK

            Christina Ricci, The Addams Family

1992    Bram Stoker’s Dracula

            Jack Lemmon, Glengarry Glen Ross

            Pernilla August, The Best Intentions

            Robin Williams, Aladdin

            Miranda Richardson, The Crying Game

1993    Schindler’s List

            Bill Murray, Groundhog Day

            Emma Thompson, The Remains of the Day, Much Ado about Nothing

            Tommy Lee Jones, The Fugitive

            Joanne Woodward, The Age of Innocence

1994    Pulp Fiction

            Donald Sutherland, The Puppet Masters

            Sandra Bullock, Speed

            Samuel L. Jackson, Pulp Fiction

            Rachel Griffiths, Muriel’s Wedding

            Cinematography:  Chris Doyle, Chungking Express

1995    Richard III

            Morgan Freeman, Se7en (!!)

            Susan Sarandon, Dead Man Walking

            Kevin Spacey, The Usual Suspects

            Gwyneth Paltrow, Se7en

            Director:  Bryan Singer, The Usual Suspects

1996    Matilda

            Ralph Fiennes, The English Patient

            Mara Wilson, Matilda (!!)

            Derek Jacobi, Hamlet

            Marianne Jean-Baptiste, Secrets and Lies

            Director:  Andy and Larry Wachowski, Bound

1997    L.A. Confidential

            Kevin Spacey, L.A. Confidential

            Gudrun Geyer, Mother and son

            Steve Martin, The Spanish Prisoner

            Julianne Moore, Boogie Nights

            Director:  Alexander Sokurov, Mother and Son

1998    Saving Private Ryan

            Bruno Ganz, Eternity and a Day+

            Cameron Diaz, There’s Something about Mary

            Geoffrey Rush, Elizabeth

            Thandie Newton, Beloved

            Director:  Aleksei German, Khrustalyov, my Car!

1999    Time Regained

            Marcello Mazzarella, Time Regained

            Hilary Swank, Boys Don’t Cry

            John Malkovich, Time Regained, Being John Malkovich

            Melora Walters, Magnolia

            Costume Design:  The Matrix

2000    Requiem for a Dream

            John Cusack, High Fidelity

            Julia Roberts, Erin Brockovich

            Joe Pantoliano, Memento

            Aurelia Petit, La Commune Paris 1871

            Director:  Peter Watkins, La Commune Paris 1871

2001    A.I.

            Joel Haley Osment, A.I.

            Naomi Watts, Mulholland Drive

            Ian McKellen, The Lord of the Rings:  the Fellowship of the Ring

            Marisa Tomei, In the Bedroom

            Director:  David Lynch, Mulholland Drive

2002    The Pianist

            Adrian Brody, The Pianist (!!)

            Mania Akbari, Ten

            Sergei Dontsov, Russian Ark

            Catherine Zeta-Jones, Chicago

            Director:  Hayao Miyazaki, Spirited Away

            Editing:  Russian Ark

2003    The Lord of the Rings:  The Return of the King

            Johnny Depp, The Pirates of the Caribbean:  The Curse of the Black Pearl

            Samantha Morton, In America

            John Hurt, Dogville

            Yeo Jin-Ha, Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter…and Spring

2004    A Very Long Engagement

            Mathieu Amalric, Kings & Queen

            Imelda Staunton, Vera Drake

            Michael Gambon, Layercake, The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban

            Catherine Deneuve, Kings & Queen

2005    Kiss Kiss Bang Bang

            Robert Downey Jr., Kiss Kiss Bang Bang

            Q’orianka Kilcher, The New World

            Ed Harris, A History of Violence

            Rachel Weisz, The Constant Gardener

            Director:  David Cronenberg, A History of Violence

2006    Tell No One

            Francois Cluzet, Tell No One

            Helen Mirren, The Queen

            Mark Wahlberg, The Departed

            Rinko Kikuchi, Babel

2007 There will be Blood

            Daniel Day-Lewis, There will be Blood

            Anamaria Marinca, 4 Months, 3 weeks and 2 Days

            Paul Dano, There will be Blood

            Hafsia Herzi, The Secret of the Grain

2008 Ponyo

            Phillip Seymour Hoffmann, Synecdoche, New York

            Sally Hawkins, Happy-go-Lucky

            Heath Ledger, The Dark Knight

            Edith Scob, Summer Hours

2009 The Imaginarium of Dr. Parnassus 

            George Clooney, Fantastic Mr. Fox

            Meryl Streep, Julie & Julia

            Christoph Waltz, Inglourious Basterds

            Melanie Laurent, Inglourious Basterds

2010    Mysteries of Lisbon

      Jesse Eisenberg, The Social Network

      Juliette Binoche, Certified Copy

      Adriano Luz, Mysteries of Lisbon

      Olivia Williams, The Ghost Writer        

2011    The Tree of Life

      Peyman Moaadi, A Separation

            Kirsten Dunst, Melancholia

            Anton Adasinksy, Faust

            Charlotte Gainsbourg, Melancholia

2012    To the Wonder

            Philip Seymour Hoffmann, The Master

            Rin Takanashi, Like Someone in Love

            Christoph Waltz, Django Unchained

            Edith Scob, Holy Motors      

2013    Blue is the Warmest Colour

            Leonardo DiCaprio, The Wolf of Wall Street

            Adele Exarchopoulos, Blue is the Warmest Colour

            Wu Jiang, A Touch of Sin

            Lea Seydoux, Blue is the Warmest Colour   

            Original Score:  Under the Skin        

2014    The Tale of the Princess Kaguya

            Ralph Fiennes, The Grand Budapest Hotel

            Nina Hoss, Phoenix

Edward Norton, Birdman or (the Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), The Grand          Budapest Hotel

Kirsten Stewart, The Clouds of Sils Maria

2015    Inside Out

            Michael Fassbender, Steve Jobs

            Rooney Mara, Carol

            Steve Carell, The Big Short

            Lou Roy-Lecollinet, My Golden Days

            Director, Todd Haynes, Carol

2016    Paterson

            Shahab Hosseini, The Salesman

            Cynthia Nixon, A Quiet Passion

            Tom Bennett, Love & Friendship

            Golshifteh Farahani, Paterson

2017    November

            Daniel Day-Lewis, Phantom Thread

            Juliette Binoche, Let the Sunshine In

            Jeffrey Tambor, The Death of Stalin

            Lesley Manville, Phantom Thread

            Director:  Agnes Varda, Faces Places

2018    Long Day’s Journey into Night29

            Adam Driver, The Man who Killed Don Quixote

            Zhao Tao, Ash is Purest White

            Steven Yeun, Burning

            Emma Stone, The Favourite


1 For the first five years, the Academy Awards covered films released from September 1 to August 31 of the next year.  For the sixth year the Academy altered this awkward format and moved from September 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933, and for the seventh year onward they followed the chronological year.  As you can see, the first movie here is Carl Dreyer’s The Passion of Joan of Arc.  Ordinarily, the Academy does not allow foreign films in languages other than English (none have ever won, and only seven have ever been nominated).  Part of the purpose of my Academy awards is to change that.    

2 Actually the best performance was by Charles Chaplin in The Circus.  However, the Academy has never given an award twice to an actor playing the same role.  (It did give Marlon Brando and Robert DeNiro Oscars for playing the same character).  I was tempted to argue that Chaplin deserved the award for The Circus and Modern Times, since in the first he is a tramp who becomes a clown, and the second a worker who becomes a tramp.  But I thought better of it.  For this William Powell, Myrna Loy, Nikolai Chersakov and Al Pacino only win once, while Groucho Marx and Fred Astaire also win once, because their various characters in the thirties are basically variations on the same person.

3 Two exclamation marks (!!) means the performance is one of the 20 best actor or 20 best actresses and should not be missed on any account.

4 When a Director’s name is not given, one can assume the director is the one who made the best picture of the year.

5 And for the first time, I agree with the Academy for Best Picture and Best Director (and anything else, come to think of it).

6 Louise Brooks becomes the first actress to win two Oscars.

7 I’ve decided to include supporting actor awards, systematically from 1936 when the Academy did.  But I just had to include these two first.

8 Foreign films have a capricious record of being released in the United States.  For example, Tokyo Story, one of the most admired films ever made, officially premiered in the United States 19 years after it was originally made.  Film fans will realize that Grand Illusion was actually made in 1937, but it was nominated for the Oscars in 1938.  In general, films will be considered for the year they were released.  However an English-Language film will be considered for the year it was nominated for an Oscar (Casablanca won in 1943, and will win here as well, but it was actually first released in New York in 1942).  Meanwhile a foreign film will be evaluated in the year it was nominated for either best picture, director, actor and actress.  (Supporting actor and actress would have been considered, but no supporting actor in a foreign language film has ever been nominated, and the only supporting actress performance, Valentina Cortese’ in Day for Night, was in a film nominated for best director.)  This leads to anomalies, such as Fellini’s Amarcord being made in 1973, winning the Best Foreign Language Film in 1974, and Fellini being nominated as best director in 1975, when the film met the eligibility rules.  This means Fellini will be considered for 1975, or would be if I did not strongly dislike that movie.

9 And Gabin becomes the first actor to win twice.

10 As it happens, I’m not the biggest John Ford fan..  But as “big picture” “social issues” movies go, The Grapes of Wrath is actually fairly good, and a good example for the future, even if it more honored in the breech than in successful execution. 

11 And for the first time, I agree with the Academy for a Best Actor.

12 I have seen Charles Coburn in the actual winner, The More the Merrier, and critics as varied as Danny Peary, David Thomson and Jonathan Rosenbaum have praised either him or the movie.  But he is not as good as Rains, in perhaps the greatest supporting performance in all of film, and the most quotable (“I’d like to think that you killed a man:  it’s the romantic in me.”  “Make it ten:  I’m only a poor corrupt official.” “But everyone’s having such a wonderful time.”)

13 Given that Casablanca is one of my favorite movies, some justification has to be given as to why I didn’t give its director the best director prize.  Although the first scenes at Rick’s Café are remarkable, the movie was notoriously improvised, and its charms are a matter of considerable luck and chemistry.  By contrast, Powell and Pressburger show a more inventive and challenging structure.

14 Three movies have won the biggest four Academy awards (Picture, Director, Actor and Actress):  It Happened One Night, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and The Silence of the Lambs.  Whatever the (genuine) merits of these films, the last two are a poor choice for this particular honor, since the characters Louise Fletcher and Anthony Hopkins play are really supporting ones.  Here is the first of my three choices to win the top four.

15 The best movie made in 1946 was Eisenstein’s Ivan the Terrible, Part Two.  Indeed it was such a good portrait of a megalomaniacal tyrant that it was promptly banned by the Soviet authorities for twelve years.  By the time it was released it was not the best picture of the year.  Besides, Eisenstein wouldn’t have benefited since he had been dead for a decade.

16 And Gwenn becomes the first Academy Supporting Actor I agree with.

17 The Academy was shabby in its treatment of Hawks.  But where to praise him?  Bringing up Baby is certainly the best American movie of 1938, but it’s not as good as Grand Illusion.  His Girl Friday is certainly more enjoyable than The Grapes of Wrath , but despite Hawks’ change of the story and the way the dialogue is run together, he is still directing a movie that was (a) based on a stage play and (b) had already been filmed before.  So I don’t think it was unfair to give Ford the award.  So, I’ll give it to Hawks here.  After all Rope is also a filmed stage play, and Hitchcock will get his reward in due course.

18 And for the first time, I agree with the Academy with its choice for Best Actress.

19 Six categories, six different movies:  that’s striking.  And we see it again in 1989, and 1998.

20 And thereby becoming my least favorite movie to have a truly great performance. 

21 Fellini joins Ford in my pantheon of overrated directors, but this is an exception.

22 At the time, Olivier was an obvious nominee over Anthony Perkins in Psycho.  Perkins wasn’t nominated at all (though Janet Leigh was), while the winner was Burt Lancaster in Elmer Gantry.  Now the position is reversed, and given the plague of serial killers in movies, and Olivier’s superior acting abilities, I’m not sure this is fair.

23 And for the first time I agree with the Academy for best supporting Actress

24 The Academy has had two acting ties.  Here’s mine for Best Actress

25 And  Hollywood finally produces a Best Actress after seven years overseas.

26 Actually Andrei Rublev was made in 1966, immediately shelved for three years, and was officially “released” by being showing on the very last night of the 1969 Cannes film festival.  It would take until 1971 for Russians and 1973 for Americans to see it.

27 Now here is an award that calls out for a defense.  1974 was an unusually good year for acting performances.  Some people like the actual winner, Art Carney, in Harry and Tonto, though I don’t agree.  Dustin Hoffmann was good as Lenny Bruce in Lenny.  And Peter Falk gave his best performance ever in A Woman under the Influence, while Erland Josephson was superb in a not dissimilar role in Scenes from a Marriage.  But the most admired performances of the year were the best single performance by the three greatest actors of my lifetime:  Gene Hackman in The Conservation, Jack Nicholson in Chinatown, and Al Pacino in The Godfather Part II.  Even more striking, while Hackman has been good is virtually everything he’s ever been in, Pacino’s and Nicholson’s performances are so different from the frankly hammy performances they would later show by the eighties.  So how I can justify giving the award to Finney, who has already won from me, while Nicholson and Hackman don’t get a best actor award from me at all?  In my defense, I would say Finney gave a remarkable performance.  Here after all is a man best known for playing working class rebels portraying a fussy smug Belgian Catholic bourgeois.  The two really have nothing in common aside from their height.  And Poirot is more complex than he appears (or Christie thinks).  Although he could easily give his solution to Bianchi and Dr. Constantine, he gives his solution to all the passengers in such a way as to torment them, simply so he can show off his brilliance.  In his fine dress, meticulous attention to detail, carefully clipped speech, it is rather appropriate that he should show off in luxurious surroundings for the most elegant lynching in movie history.

28On a previous version, I pointed out years where I hadn’t seen either the winners or enough movies to be sure.  But now I think I’ve seen enough to put that aside.  I will say that I have not seen nine Best Actor winners and thirteen Best Actress winners, the most impressive apparently being Coming Home, Tender Mercies and The Accused.

29 Preliminary suggestions only.